We all know Pakistan is going through economic and political turmoil in which the general public lacks trust in the state’s institutions and policies. During such situations, the primary question which comes to the mind of investors is what to do. Either invest or take out their money as stability is not guaranteed.
In this blog, we will discuss and explore various factors on the basis of which investors can decide whether property investment in such a situation is wise for them or not.
Before going into the details of the topic, we will discuss the basics of property investment in Pakistan, its pros and cons, general steps to follow when making an informed decision, and the suitable property options for investing.
General Information about Property Investment
Basics of Property Investing
The primary purpose of property investment is to get a return on investment. Investors can benefit from rental income, property appreciation, or both. Before investing, consider the following steps
- Research the real estate market in Pakistan and identify potential areas of growth.
- Set clear investment objectives and determine your risk potential.
- Create a budget and secure financing options if needed.
- Engage with local real estate agents and professionals for expert guidance.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Real Estate Investment
- Tangible Assets: Real estate offers a tangible asset that has the potential to increase in value over time.
- Rental revenue: Rent is a reliable source of revenue for property owners.
- Diversification: Adding real estate to a portfolio of investments can spread out the risk of the investments.
- Illiquidity: Compared to other assets, real estate might be challenging to sell rapidly.
- Maintenance costs: Upkeep and repairs are the responsibility of the property owner.
- Economic Sensitivity: Property values may change depending on the economy’s state.
Types of Properties Suitable for Investment in Pakistan
The main types of properties in which investors can invest in Pakistan include:
- Residential Properties: Apartments, houses, and condominiums offer rental income opportunities.
- Commercial Properties: Offices, retail spaces, and warehouses can yield higher returns.
- Industrial Properties: Factories and industrial spaces can be profitable for long-term investments.
- Agricultural Land: Farmland can be valuable, especially in rural economies like Pakistan.
Now we have an apt knowledge of property investment, in the coming sections of the blog, we will discuss whether Pakistan’s current political and economic conditions are suitable for property investment or not. For concluding results, we will discuss the present era of instability and its impact on Pakistan’s economy and business.
Analyzing Economic and Political Turmoil in Pakistan
Pakistan’s journey has been marked by challenges since its independence. However, one recurring challenge has been the elusive search for genuine leadership to guide the nation toward true success and prosperity. Whenever Pakistan got a leader who stood for her well-being, they were targeted through international conspiracies of the states which never wanted to see Pakistan as a stable and developed country. Examples of such leaders include Fatima Jinnah, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, and now our Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Strategically speaking, Pakistan’s location is one of the main reasons why various powers want to avoid Pakistan to stand independently and pursue an independent foreign policy. Due to Pakistan’s strategic location as a route to the mineral- and oil-rich Middle East, its warm water ports, and the high-quality Baluchistan mineral deposits, the superpowers aim to establish a presence there. Every developed nation seeks to profit from Pakistan’s blessings by keeping Pakistan bound by loan and aid agreements.
Moreover, the decision of Pakistan to test its nuclear weapons in May 1998 still serves as a blow to the ego of superpowers. They never want to see the Muslim world develop a more robust military or access to weapons. One of the leading causes of this is the American Ordnance Factories, which are the world’s largest suppliers of armaments and weaponry and do not want any nation to develop into a power in this area.
Let’s consider the Army’s role in the current situation, excluding higher officials who are influencing the political climate of the nation and acting in a bureaucratic and establishment capacity; each soldier is highly driven to defend the country on the battlefield and to give their all at all times to strengthen Pakistan.
The PTI, a political party with deep ties with Pakistanis, was elected into power in the 2018 elections. With Imran Khan as Prime Minister of Pakistan, we were heading toward Pakistan’s political and economic stability. Our government was attempting to keep Pakistan on the path of growth with its independent foreign policy, hard stance toward nations attempting to create air bases in Pakistan, creation of the Muslim Block, and cooperation with Russia. Finally, this reliable and autonomous government was overthrown due to an international conspiracy.
As PTI is a public-supported party, the nation became angry and violent. The most significant loss of the turmoil was that the nation lost confidence and trust in its Army.
This short overview of Pakistan’s political and economic environment gives an insight that the business environment of Pakistan needed to be more stable. However, many businesses still created their name, expanded their operation, diversified themselves, and their national footprints helped them establish their businesses internationally.
So, currently, to make informed investment decisions, it’s essential to examine Pakistan’s political and economic instability. Look for patterns and assess the impact of past events on the real estate market.
Economic Turmoil and Its Effects on Property Investment in Pakistan
Overview of Economic Turmoil in Pakistan’s History
Pakistan has experienced economic challenges from the first day of independence in the form of an unequal share of financial assets between India and Pakistan by the British Raj to now in the form of inflation, IMF loans, etc. Understanding past and present economic turmoil is crucial to predict potential future scenarios and their impact on property investment. Some key events to consider while making a property investment include:
- Periods of inflation and currency devaluation
- Economic recessions and depressions
- IMF bailouts and austerity measures
- Changes in government policies and regulations
Impact of Economic Instability on the Real Estate Market
Economic instability can significantly influence the real estate market in Pakistan. Some effects include:
- Fluctuations in property prices
- Changes in demand for different types of properties
- Alterations in rental rates and vacancy levels
- Financing difficulties for property buyers and developers
Identifying Opportunities and Challenges for Investors during Turbulence
During economic instability, there are both opportunities and challenges for property investors:
- Bargain Deals: Lower property prices may present opportunities for investors to acquire undervalued assets.
- Rental Demand: Economic uncertainties can lead to increased demand for rental properties.
- Government Incentives: Governments may introduce policies to boost the real estate sector during downturns.
- Financing Constraints: Obtaining loans may be more challenging as lenders tighten their criteria.
- Market Uncertainty: Predicting market trends becomes harder, posing risks for investment decisions.
- Exit Strategies: Selling properties during downturns may be difficult.
Political Turmoil and Its Influence on Property Investment in Pakistan
The Relationship Between Politics and Real Estate:
Political instability can arise from government changes, social unrest, and geopolitical tensions. In Pakistan, political fluctuations significantly impact the overall business environment, including property investment.
Political decisions can directly affect the real estate market in Pakistan:
- Changes in property laws and regulations can impact ownership rights and investment incentives.
- Government initiatives for infrastructure projects like China Pakistan Economic Corridor can boost property values.
- Political decisions impact foreign investment in the real estate sector.
Pros and Cons of Property Investing During Turmoil in Pakistan
Advantages of Property Investment Amid Economic and Political Challenges
Property investing during turmoil can offer several advantages:
- Potential High Returns: Buying during downturns can yield substantial returns when the market rebounds.
- Rental Income: Rental demand may rise as people postpone buying homes during uncertain times.
- Tangible Asset: Real estate provides a physical asset that holds value even in challenging times.
Potential Risks and Drawbacks Amid Economic and Political Challenges
Investing during unstable times also comes with risks:
- Market Volatility: Property values can be highly volatile during economic and political instability.
- Unexpected Political Changes: Sudden political shifts can disrupt investment plans and strategies.
Strategies for Investing in Pakistan During the Current Scenarios
In the current economic and political turmoil, property investment requires careful planning and informed decision-making to detect uncertainties and to avail opportunities. The strategies for investing in the current situation include:
- Diversification: Diversification allows you to invest in various assets, like a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial property in different regions of Pakistan, to reduce risk due to local market fluctuation.
- Identifying Promising Locations and Emerging Markets: Identify the areas with improved infrastructure, increased economic activities, and potential for growth and development.
- Long-Term vs. Short-Term Investment Approaches in Pakistan: Long-term investments may provide stability, while short-term provide quick returns and align your approach with your financial objectives.
- Preparing for Property Investment: Before property investment, make a thorough preparation plan by assessing personal financial readiness and risk tolerance, creating a robust investment plan, and seeking professional guidance before taking any step.
In conclusion, before making a property investment, investors should evaluate market data and plan for contingencies to make informed decisions. By adopting rational strategies and staying vigilant, property investors can effectively detect risks and rewards and make sound choices during uncertain times. Remember, thorough research and a long-term vision are essential to successful property investment in Pakistan.